Cleveland Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center

  • NeuroImaging with the CADRC

U.S. FDA Approves Second Anti-Amyloid Medication for Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)

On January 6, 2023, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)  approved the anti-amyloid beta protofibril antibody lecanemab for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Lecanemab will be marketed under the name Leqembi by the pharmaceutical company Eisai. Similar to another related AD drug, aducanumab (marketed as Aduhelm by the pharmaceutical company Biogen), lecanemab was approved using the FDA’s accelerated approval pathway, which fast-tracks new medications that have potential to provide a meaningful therapeutic benefit over existing treatment for a serious or life-threatening illness.

The FDA notes Leqembi an amyloid beta-directed antibody indicated for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Treatment with LEQEMBI should be initiated in patients with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia stage of disease, the population in which treatment was initiated in clinical trials. There are no safety or effectiveness data on initiating treatment at earlier or later stages of the disease than were studied.  The FDA has approved lecanemab based upon results of the CLARITY AD clinical trial, which showed modest slowing of decline for patients with mild AD.

The clinical trial enrolled nearly 1,800 patients with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia due to AD in whom amyloid pathology in the brain was confirmed. Clinical trial treatment was either lecanemab or placebo. After 18 months of treatment, lecanemab appeared to slow cognitive decline by 27% compared with placebo.

While having another FDA-approved treatment for AD is very exciting and has potential to change the trajectory of decline for people with early-stage AD dementia, any potential benefits for patients with mild AD need to be balanced with consideration for an increased risk of drug-related complications.  In the lecanemab clinical trials, the amyloid-related complications of edema (brain swelling) or microhemorrhages (mini-bleeds in the brain) occurred in about 1 in 5 patients taking lecanemab. This suggests a need for close monitoring for drug-related complications in patients who receive treatment with lecanemab. It is important to note that clinical situations differ across individuals and patients may have different responses or contra-indications to any medication. Individuals who are interested in exploring whether lecanemab or another medication treatment is appropriate for them are encouraged to speak with their clinicians.


Cleveland Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center

The Cleveland Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center (CADRC) is a research program led by Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), Cleveland Clinic (CCF), University Hospitals (UH), the Louis Stokes VA, and MetroHealth. The CADRC is a center without walls as it is not a specific building or place. Instead, the CADRC includes top scientists and doctors from the Cleveland area, working together to learn more about Alzheimer’s disease and Related Dementias (ADRD). The goal of the CADRC is to help find treatments to improve the lives of patients and their families. The CADRC enrolls people with brain disorders like Alzheimer’s disease, Lewy Body Dementia, or Atypical dementia. We also enroll people without memory problems. Our CADRC clinical sites (CCF and UH) run memory tests, lab tests, and other brain tests such as MRI scans. The CADRC raises awareness of ADRD and involves people in the community.

Give us a call at 1-833-311-2372 for more information!


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September 21, 2022, was World Alzheimer’s Day: A Time to Raise Awareness About AD

The Daily (CWRU Digital Newsletter) sat down with Dr. Jonathan Haines, an internationally recognized researcher and educator, and CADRC Data Management and Statistics Core Leader, to learn more about Alzheimer’s disease, which has been a major focus of his for decades. 

“There’s a general misconception that having memory problems and having Alzheimer’s disease is a natural aging process, and it’s not,” Haines explained. “There are quite a few people who are in their 90s who are just as sharp as they were when they were in their 20s.”

Dr. Haines lists five things everyone should know about Alzheimer’s disease.

Read the full story in The Daily here


CADRC Investigator News

Professor Andrew A. Pieper is Recipient of the Barchas Chair, Endowed Professorship

Dr. Rebecca Barchas established at Case Western Reserve a $3.5M endowed professorship in translational psychiatry, with resources to support that faculty member’s research.

Andrew A. Pieper, MD, PhD

The medical school celebrated the inaugural recipient of the Barchas Chair, Case Western Reserve University Psychiatry Professor Andrew A. Pieper, an accomplished psychiatrist and neuroscientist dedicated to both treating patients in his outpatient clinic and discovering treatments in his laboratory that alleviate or even cure the damage of brain trauma and neurodegenerative diseases.

Translational psychiatry, an area of passion for Barchas since childhood, involves the process of first making basic science discoveries in laboratory models and then advancing those findings to the development of new medicines for patients.

“These types of early stage, high risk, high reward strategies are not typically supported by traditional National Institutes of Health-style funding, and would be impossible without her philanthropic generosity.” A. Pieper

For Pieper, who is also director of the Center for Brain Health Medicines at University Hospitals Harrington Discovery Institute and director of the Translational Therapeutics Core of the Cleveland Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center (CADRC), Barchas’ gift will provide resources for initial exploration of the kinds of breakthrough ideas federal agencies and other large organizations are hesitant to back without significant evidence of their promise.

Read full story in the daily here


Case Western Reserve University Researcher of the CADRC Helps to Expand Alzheimer’s Disease Research with Cleveland’s African American Communities

CLEVELAND—Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) researchers focused on the genetics of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) in individuals with African ancestry have secured $46M in funding through the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) National Institute on Aging to expand community outreach.

Jonathan Haines, PhD
Data Management and Statistics Core Leader

This is part of a nationwide effort to better understand a disease that presents differently—and at different rates—in communities that historically have not been included in large-scale genetic research.

“This enhances research that is foundational to developing prevention strategies, earlier diagnostic tests and treatments for a condition that has no boundaries,” said Jonathan L. Haines, PhD, the CADRC Data Management and Statistics Core Leader and lead investigator and chair of the Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, and the Mary W. Sheldon, MD, Professor of Genomic Sciences.

“We are already engaged in the Cleveland area with African American individuals and families who are important partners in this work,” he said. “We are committed to our local community, and this increased capacity ensures that large-scale research benefits everyone.”

The full consortium, which includes three investigators at CWRU, will also engage with Hispanic and Afro-Hispanic communities nationally. Additionally, the consortium will collaborate with AD genetic researchers across nine African countries. Altogether, these researchers will collect, match, and analyze data at the scale required to uncover genetic variants associated with AD.

Read full story here


Needs Survey

Researchers from the Cleveland Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center (CADRC) welcome members of all communities to check out our website and provide their input on how the CADRC can best meet the needs of individuals and families. We also want to hear from groups/entities interested in advancing care and research on Alzheimer’s Disease and related dementias. Please complete our CADRC needs survey to help us do a better job in serving our community and planning for programing that you feel would be most helpful:   https://redcap.case.edu/surveys/?s=P3M38AFHF4AWHPDM


Funding Announcements

New 5-Year National Institute of Aging (NIA) Research Grant Awarded to Dr. Jagan Pillai to Evaluate Immune Cell Activation and Blood Brain Barrier Changes at Different Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Dr. Jagan Pillai, Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health and CWRU and falls under the umbrella of research conducted by the Cleveland Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center (CADRC). His research study just started, September 2022, and will evaluate immune cell activation and blood brain barrier(BBB) changes at different stage of Alzheimer’s disease. This will help develop therapeutic targeting of specific immune and BBB changes at the most effective clinical stage of Alzheimer’s disease to make a useful clinical impact in overcoming cognitive decline.

Click here for more information


U.S. National Institute of Health (NIH) Awards 5-Year Grant to Dr. Stephen Rao and Dr. Jay Alberts to Study the Impact of a Home Based, High Intensity Exercise Program for Those Who Have a Genetic Risk for Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)

Dr. Stephen Rao, PhD, who is a co-investigator in the CADRC Clinical Core and Dr. Jay Alberts, PhD, a kinesiologist with specialization in the field of motor control have been awarded a 5-year NIH research grant for a randomized controlled trial which aims to study the impact of a home based, high intensity exercise program in healthy older adults between the ages of 65 and 80 years, who have a genetic risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but do not have any memory concerns. The CYCLE-AD trial will recruit healthy sedentary APOE e4 carriers and randomize them to one of two groups: 1) an Indoor Cycling (IC) group that participates in high-intensity interval training in their home using a commercially available Peloton® cycling system or 2) a Usual and Customary Care (UCC) group, in which participants engage in their habitual level of physical activity.

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National Institute on Aging Awards
$2 Million to Dr. Wenzhang Wang to Study
ApoE and Abeta Which is Believed to Be a Key Cause of Alzheimer’s Disease

July 1, 2022, CLEVELAND: The National Institute of Aging (NIA) has awarded a $2 million, 5-year research grant to Dr. Wenzhang Wang, who is a Cleveland Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center (CADRC) Research Education Component Mentee. Dr. Wang will study ApoE, an Alzheimer’s disease (AD) risk factor gene, and Abeta, a protein that is deposited on the brain, in the regulation of mitochondria and lysosome interactions in AD. The project will be conducted at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and falls under the umbrella of research conducted by the CADRC.

Click here for more information